Upholstery Cleaning

Upholstery Cleaning 101: Maintaining Clean and Fresh-Looking Furniture

Upholstered furniture contributes to the comfort, style, and overall ambiance of any home or commercial space. Over time, these pieces can accumulate dirt, stains, and unpleasant odors, resulting in a less-than-ideal appearance and a potentially unhealthy environment. Knowing how to clean and maintain various upholstery types is essential to prolonging their lifespan and preserving their fresh, attractive look. In this guide, we’ll share expert tips on upholstery cleaning and maintenance, helping you keep your sofas, chairs, and other upholstered pieces in top-notch condition.

Recognizing Different Types of Upholstery

It’s essential to understand the specific fabric type before executing any cleaning or maintenance routine. The cleaning methodology differs depending on the fabric or material used. Check the label on your upholstered furniture, which will typically provide you with a cleaning code indicating the best cleaning approach.

Common cleaning codes include:

1. W: Water-based cleaning agents or foam

2. S: Dry cleaning solvents only

3. WS: Either water-based or dry cleaning solvents

4. X: Professionally clean or vacuum only

Developing a Cleaning and Maintenance Routine

Regular Maintenance

Certain practices should be followed to maintain the appearance and integrity of your upholstery, regardless of fabric type. These include:

1. Vacuuming: Vacuum your upholstered furniture weekly using a soft brush attachment. This practice helps remove dust, particles, and allergens without damaging the fabric.

2. Fluffing and rotating cushions: To maintain the shape and even wear of cushions, fluff and rotate them regularly.

3. Spot cleaning spills: When spills occur, attend to them immediately. Blot spills with a clean, absorbent cloth, working from the outside in to prevent spreading the stain.

Treating Stains and Spots

Water-Based Stains

For water-based stains on fabric labeled «W» or «WS,» use a water-based cleaning solution (mild dish soap, white vinegar, and water). Follow these steps:

1. Mix a few drops of mild dish soap with equal parts white vinegar and warm water.

2. Dip a clean cloth into the solution, wringing out excess moisture.

3. Gently blot the stain, avoiding rubbing or scrubbing, as this can damage the fabric.

4. Rinse the area with a cloth dipped in clean water, then blot dry.

Oil-Based Stains

For oil-based stains on fabric labeled «S» or «WS,» use a dry cleaning solvent. Follow these steps:

1. Apply the solvent to a clean, absorbent cloth.

2. Gently blot the stain, avoiding rubbing or scrubbing.

3. Allow the solvent to dry, then vacuum the area.

*Note: Test the cleaning solution or solvent on a small, inconspicuous area of the fabric before tackling the stain.

Deep Cleaning Upholstery: DIY or Professional?

DIY Steam Cleaning

For regular deep cleaning, consider investing in a steam cleaner specifically designed for upholstery. Most upholstery fabrics labeled «W» or «WS» can be steam cleaned. Follow the manufacturer’s directions for both the steam cleaner and your upholstery fabric.

Professional Upholstery Cleaning

In some cases, professional upholstery cleaning is the best option. This choice may be necessary for delicate or antique fabrics, unique materials such as silk or velvet, or in situations where DIY cleaning methods aren’t providing satisfactory results. Professional upholstery cleaning services can offer expertise and advanced equipment for an in-depth, meticulous clean.

Caring for Other Upholstery Types

Leather Upholstery

For leather upholstery, a somewhat different approach is required:

1. Vacuum using a soft brush attachment to remove dust and debris.

2. Mix a few drops of mild dish soap with water, then dampen a cloth with the solution.

3. Gently wipe down leather surfaces, then dry with a clean cloth.

4. Use a leather conditioner to maintain the material’s softness and suppleness.


Upholstery cleaning and maintenance are critical aspects of keeping your home or commercial space looking clean, fresh, and inviting. By understanding the specific fabric types and employing the appropriate cleaning methodologies, you can extend the lifespan of your furniture and maintain its immaculate appearance. For particularly delicate fabrics or stubborn issues, consider enlisting professional upholstery cleaning services to ensure the best possible results.

Looking for expert assistance in maintaining your upholstered furniture? FBM Cleaning offers professional upholstery cleaning services for residential and commercial spaces. Contact us today to learn about our tailored couch cleaning solutions that will leave your furniture looking and feeling its absolute best.



Keeping your upholstery and carpets impeccable can BOOST YOUR BUSINESS. 

Being diligent and achieving your goals is only possible when your dream building base is clean and tidy. 

Can you imagine Tony Stark planning his exploits in an office with dirty carpets?


A home is much more than a physical space to eat and rest. 

At home, you make unforgettable memories with your family and friends. 

Making your furniture, carpets and mattresses spotless is part of a scene in which everyone enjoys and feels comfortable.